As you see from the above, we do have what we call Employment Insurance and it also covers more than just being unemployed, as it covers a maternity/paternity leave and it can also give you access to training funds . The number of months you work helps determine how many months you can be on EI . The amount you earn is the other part of the formula. Then we have slightly different formulas according to where in the country you worked, whether it was seasonal work, or fishing or farming .
From what I've heard from USA residents , the Canadian system is better than the USA one , BUT do check if your residency and citizenship status are factors that only a USA person might have to consider .